|CANNABIS USE DISORDER||
Dependence Syndrome Due To Use Of Cannabinoids F12 - ICD10 Description, World Health Organization
Cannabis Use Disorder - Diagnostic Criteria, American Psychiatric AssociationAbout 9% of cannabis (pot) users become addicted to it. High levels of cannabis use are related to poorer educational outcomes, lower income, greater welfare dependence and unemployment and lower relationship and life satisfaction.
Effective TherapiesThere is no FDA-approved pharmacological treatment for cannabis dependence. There are only two pharmacological, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trials which had a positive outcome (N-acetylcysteine, gabapentin) - but neither of these clinical trials has been replicated.
There are no randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials of any psychosocial treatment. Thus the effectiveness of psychosocial treatment for this disorder is unknown.
Ineffective TherapiesFew individuals addicted to cannabis seek treatment. Even with treatment, fewer than 20% achieve long-term abstinence. Some argue that cannabis should be decriminalized, and that cannabis addiction should be treated "like any other medical disorder". They forget that there is no treatment for cannabis addiction that has been proven effective.
It is possible to stop using cannabis. To do this you must: (1) totally divorce yourself from drug-using or drug-supplying people, (2) not use alcohol or any other illegal drug, (3) be socially active and help others, (4) talk to other people who have successfully stayed off drugs, (5) devote yourself to important activities that give meaning and purpose to life (e.g., family, friends, sports, work, helping others, church etc.). Therapists know that these 5 steps work, but our therapies often are ineffective in motivating patients to complete these essential steps to recovery.
Cannabis And SchizophreniaCannabis (pot) has been proven to nearly quadruple the risk of developing schizophrenia. In 1969-70, Swedish military conscripts (>97% of the country's male population aged 18-20) were followed for 35 years. At the start of this study, none of the conscripts had schizophrenia. Over 35 years, those who had used cannabis more than 50 times at the beginning of the study had 3.7 times the normal rate of developing schizophrenia. This association was not explained by use of other psychoactive drugs or personality traits. Schizophrenia normally occurs in 1% of the population. 86% of individuals with schizophrenia are disabled and unemployed. Thus, if cannabis was legalized, the prevalence of schizophrenia could more than triple. This would cause a massive increase in the national unemployment rate.
Legalizing Illicit DrugsSome people argue that illicit drugs should be legalized to decrease the crime associated with these drugs. Historically, tobacco and alcohol were once illegal drugs. Tobacco smoking is now the leading cause of death in America, and alcoholism is the third leading cause of death. Thus legalizing illicit drugs does not make them any less medically and socially harmful. In fact the opposite is true; legalizing illicit drugs increases their use and the harm they cause. The Government of Finland is passing legislation that will gradually ban all tobacco use by 2040.
Scientists Show Link Between Cannabis And Schizophrenia
Free Diagnosis Of This Disorder
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