|COCAINE USE DISORDER||
Dependence Syndrome Due To Use Of Cocaine F14 - ICD10 Description, World Health Organization
Cocaine Use Disorder - Diagnostic Criteria, American Psychiatric AssociationCocaine use disorder is compulsive use of cocaine, leading to clinically significant impairment or distress. Cocaine is the world's most addictive drug. Cocaine intoxication causes rapid/slowed pulse, pupillary dilation, elevated/lowered blood pressure, perspiration/chills, nausea/vomiting, weight loss, psychomotor agitation/retardation, muscular weakness, respiratory depression, chest pain, cardiac arrhythmias, confusion, seizures, dyskinesias, dystonias, or coma. Intoxication can also cause psychosis.
Ineffective TherapiesCurrently there is no effective psychosocial or pharmacological treatment for cocaine use disorder that has been proven effective in replicated, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials. Thus there are no FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for stmulant use disorder. Some argue that cocaine use should be decriminalized, and that cocaine addiction should be treated "like any other medical disorder". They forget that there is no treatment for cocaine use disorder that has been proven effective.
It is possible to stop using cocaine. To do this you must: (1) totally divorce yourself from drug-using or drug-supplying people, (2) not use alcohol or any other illegal drug, (3) be socially active and help others, (4) talk to other people who have successfully stayed off drugs, (5) devote yourself to important activities that give meaning and purpose to life (e.g., family, friends, sports, work, helping others, church etc.). Therapists know that these 5 steps work, but our therapies often are ineffective in motivating patients to complete these essential steps to recovery.
Legalizing Illicit DrugsSome people argue that illicit drugs should be legalized to decrease the crime associated with these drugs. Historically, tobacco and alcohol were once illegal drugs. Tobacco smoking is now the leading cause of death in America, and alcoholism is the third leading cause of death. Thus legalizing illicit drugs does not make them any less medically and socially harmful. In fact the opposite is true; legalizing illicit drugs increases their use and the harm they cause. The Government of Finland is passing legislation that will gradually ban all tobacco use by 2040.
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